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齐白石
 
2017-01-05 20:17    作者: 孟博   来源: 未知   查看:
 
 
 
 

齐白石(1864年1月1日─1957年9月16日),男,生于湖南长沙府湘潭人。

原名纯芝,字渭青,号兰亭。后改名璜,字濒生,号白石、白石山翁、老萍、饿叟、借山吟馆主者、寄萍堂上老人、三百石印富翁。

是近现代中国绘画大师,世界文化名人。早年曾为木工,后以卖画为生,五十七岁后定居北京。擅画花鸟、虫鱼、山水、人物,笔墨雄浑滋润,色彩浓艳明快,造型简练生动,意境淳厚朴实。所作鱼虾虫蟹,天趣横生。

齐白石书工篆隶,取法于秦汉碑版,行书饶古拙之趣,篆刻自成一家,善写诗文。曾任中央美术学院名誉教授、中国美术家协会主席等职。代表作有《蛙声十里出山泉》、《墨虾》等。著有《白石诗草》、《白石老人自述》等。

Qi Baishi (1864 – 1957), born in Xiangtan, Hunan, is a master of Chinese painting, and one of top 10 calligraphers and artists in the 20th century, and a world-renowned celebrity of literature.   In 1926, Qi Baishi acted as an honorary professor with National School of Fine Arts of Peiping, an honorary president of Peiping Association of Artists and Writers, an honorary professor with China Central Academy of Fine Arts, a researcher with Central Research Institute of Culture and History, a director with People’s Foreign Culture Association of China, an honorary president of Chinese Painting Institute, president of Beijing Research Institute of Chinese Painting and president of China Artists Association. On July 1949 and September 1953, he attended China National Literature Figure and Artists Conference twice and was elected a member of China Federation of Literary and Art Circles consecutively. On Aug 1954, he was elected as a member of the First National People’s Congress, maintaining deep friendship with Chairman Mao and being accepted. On Jan 1953, the Ministry of Culture granted him with an honorary certificate of merit and a title of “People’s Artist”. On Dec 1955, the Academy of Arts of Democratic Republic of Deutsches granted him with an honorary certificate of communication academician. On Apr 1956, the World Peace Council granted him with International Peace Prize for 1955 followed with an awarding ceremony in September. In 1963, he was recommended by the World Peace Council as a world-renowned celebrity of literature. His works include Poem Collections at Jieshanyin House, Poem Collections of Baishi, Seal Collections of Baishi, Autobiography of Senior Baishi etc. In addition, he published nearly 100 painting collections such as Collected Editions of Qi Baishi.

相关文章链接:
[1]    齐白石,当代国际收藏与研究

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